Common Home Inspection Issues to Be Aware Of
Home inspections are an essential step when purchasing a new home, providing information that's not visible to the naked eye such as potential plumbing problems or structural damages that might not otherwise be evident.
Home inspectors look out for issues such as improper wiring (reverse polarity, DIY wiring, and over-fusing), insulation problems, and electrical outlets; as well as poor drainage issues that may exist in a property.
1. Faulty Wiring
One of the primary issues home inspectors encounter when inspecting homes is improper electrical wiring installations, which can lead to fires and electrocutions as well as higher electric bills due to appliances powered by worn-out wires that consume more power than they should. Additionally, damaged or worn-out wiring increases energy bills since appliances powered by such wires consume more than expected and therefore use up more electricity than necessary.
Messy wiring can include an unruly web of cords and cables laying across floors and carpets, creating both a trip hazard and a fire hazard. Furthermore, it's crucial that extension cords don't show signs of wear and tear and are securely plugged in - both can present potential health and fire risks.
Among older homes, verify the breaker box is properly labeled and look out for any unlabeled junction boxes and receptacles that haven't been covered up yet. Furthermore, many houses built between 1965 and 1973 could contain aluminum wiring which may not be as safe. Consult a licensed electrician who will inspect and upgrade these elements of wiring as soon as possible.
2. Improper Insulation
Insulation is an integral part of a home, and without enough, it could lead to moisture, rodents, cold air, and high energy bills - not to mention thermal efficiency issues. According to Pretty, poor insulation could also increase energy costs and lessen thermal efficiency.
Moisture in walls and ceilings may indicate insulation problems, while temperature differences between rooms are an early indicator that more insulation may be required. Insulation serves to regulate temperatures evenly within your house - so when one area feels significantly colder than others it could indicate that more is necessary.
3. Poor Drainage
Poor drainage is a key issue to consider during a home inspection and can have lasting impacts on both structures and the landscape. Standing water erodes soil, carrying rocks and debris to damage buildings as well as deprive trees and plants of nutrients that they require for growth. Plus, mosquitoes breed in standing water! Poor drainage also causes foundation issues like wall movement, cracking, and rot in addition to contributing to mosquito breeding sites.
Inspectors will look for signs of drainpipe leakage, water leaking from under the house, and seeping through the foundation walls. Inspectors may recommend installing a dry well or interceptor drain system (French drain) to extract crawlspace water quickly and prevent further intrusion of moisture into your house.
While cosmetic issues like peeling paint may not seem majorly detrimental, they can signal to buyers that your property has been neglected. Poor drainage can also be a huge turnoff and expensive problem that must be dealt with immediately - therefore, sellers must address such concerns prior to listing their home for sale.
4. Mold or Mildew
Home inspectors will also look out for signs of mold or mildew growth, particularly in humid environments like bathrooms. They'll inspect the attic to detect potential sources of excess moisture that could contribute to its formation - this can contribute to mold development as it results from lack of ventilation causing excessive humidity to stay inside, creating the ideal conditions for its proliferation.
Mold and mildew are fungi that thrive anywhere exposed to water; both possess musty odors that can pose serious threats to health and should always be addressed quickly.
Before you buy a home in Madison, you will want to get a home inspection done. Be aware of these common issues that might show up on the report.